Medicalisering en ondoelmatige zorg in de ggz

De rol van stoornisgericht denken en vergoeden
Ter discussie
Lisa S.M. Eurelings en Jim van Os

Medicalisation and inappropriate care within the Netherlands mental health system: the role of disorder-focused thinking and reimbursement

A disorder-focused approach in mental healthcare in the Netherlands, combined with a disorder-linked reimbursement system, risks medicalisation of stress-related mental variations that may result from the current societal pressures to be beautiful and successful. Furthermore, a disorder-linked reimbursement system may lead to inappropriate treatment, dictated by group-based guidelines tied to DSM-classifications rather than the complexities and contexts of individual needs for care. Finally, there can be both over- and under-treatment as a result of a free-market healthcare system in which quality of care is equated with symptom reduction. We propose several adaptations, including, firstly, creating eCommunities offering self-help and peer support and, secondly, reinventing mental illnesses as vulnerabilities primarily requiring a ‘heal and deal’ approach of strengthening resilience as well as reducing symptoms. The conceptual foundation of mental healthcare as a free-market economy, and the current quality system, should be reconsidered. It is fundamental that reimbursement should not depend on arbitrary diagnostic algorithms of disorder.

Conflict of interest and financial support: none declared.