Low back pain is a very common reason for patient visits to a general practitioner or medical specialist. It is associated with a negative effect on daily living and high costs of care. The differential diagnosis of low back pain is extensive, and usually no specific cause can be identified. In such a case, we speak of non-specific low back pain. In this article, we present practical pointers to recognising specific causes of low back pain and answer some frequently-asked questions regarding the diagnosis and treatment of low back pain.
Conflict of interest and financial support: none declared.