The Dutch Journal of Medicine houses a unique and comprehensive collection of historical medals. In the autumn of 2018, the journal will present an online web-exhibition, which will display an extensive part of this collection and incorporate the objects in a wider historical context. This article gives some preliminary information about the web-exhibition. By means of focusing on a small number of medals it sketches the nineteenth century development of modern medical science, from the emergence of clinical science to the rise of laboratory medicine. The medal collection reflects these nineteenth century developments through the presence of the main Dutch representatives of these two directions in medical science: Jacobus Schroeder van der Kolk (1797-1862) and Franciscus Cornelis Donders (1818-1889).
Conflict of interest and financial support: the authors received a grant from the Dutch Journal of Medicine to conduct preparatory historical research for the online web-exhibition of the medal collection of the Dutch Journal of Medicine. ICMJE forms provided by the authors are available online along with the full text of this article.