Tinnitus: pathofysiologie, diagnostiek en behandeling

Stand van zaken
Joost van Tongeren, Rilana F.F. Cima, Joeri Buwalda, Rutger Hofman, Lucien J. Anteunis en Robert J. Stokroos

Tinnitus: pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment

  • Tinnitus is a common and heterogeneous condition, characterised by experiencing sound in the absence of an external source.
  • Various treatment options are available in the Netherlands for patients with tinnitus, but these have limited support from methodologically sound studies.
  • Diagnosis and treatment of tinnitus demands a standardized and multidisciplinary approach.
  • Ideally, there should be a stepwise approach to diagnosis and treatment of tinnitus, with a gradual increase in intensity of treatment. This increase should depend upon the patient’s requirements and degree of distress.
  • Current scientific evidence suggests that intensive treatment of tinnitus based on cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is indicated for patients with severe tinnitus.

Conflict of interest and financial support: none declared.