- Tinnitus is a common and heterogeneous condition, characterised by experiencing sound in the absence of an external source.
- Various treatment options are available in the Netherlands for patients with tinnitus, but these have limited support from methodologically sound studies.
- Diagnosis and treatment of tinnitus demands a standardized and multidisciplinary approach.
- Ideally, there should be a stepwise approach to diagnosis and treatment of tinnitus, with a gradual increase in intensity of treatment. This increase should depend upon the patient’s requirements and degree of distress.
- Current scientific evidence suggests that intensive treatment of tinnitus based on cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is indicated for patients with severe tinnitus.
Conflict of interest and financial support: none declared.