Preventie in de eerste lijn*
Open

Van een individuele naar een systematische aanpak
Onderzoek
28-05-2015
Hedwig M.M. Vos, Iris M.A. Adan, François G. Schellevis en Antoine L.M. Lagro-Janssen

Rationale, aims and objectives

The Dutch general practitioner (GP) plays a substantial role in prevention. At the same time many GPs hesitate to incorporate large-scale cardiovascular risk management (CVRM) programmes into their daily practice. By exploring facilitators and barriers occurring during the past three decades, we wish to find clues on how to motivate professionals to adopt and implement prevention programmes.

Methods

A witness seminar was organised in September 2011, inviting key figures to discuss the decision-making process of the implementation of systematic prevention programmes in the Netherlands in the past, thereby adding new perspectives on past events. The extensive discussion was fully audiotaped. The transcript was content-analysed.

Results

We came across four different transitional stages: (1) the conversion from GPs disputing prevention to the implementation of systematic influenza vaccination; (2) the transition from systematic influenza vaccination to planning CVRM programmes; (3) the transition from planning and piloting CVRM programmes to cancelling the large-scale implementation of the CVRM programme; and (4) the reinforcement of prevention.

Conclusions

The GPs’ fear to lose the domain of prevention to other health care professionals and financial and logistical support are the main facilitators for implementing prevention programs in primary care. The main barriers for implementing prevention are the combination of insecurity about reimbursement and lack of scientific evidence. It appears that the ethical view of GPs that everyone should have the same right to obtain preventive care gradually takes over the inclination to hold on to evidence-based prevention.

Conflict of interest and financial support: none declared.