3-5% of patients with traumatic or iatrogenic peripheral nerve injury develop a painful neuroma, especially following trauma of small cutaneous sensory nerve branches.
Neuroma pain is difficult to treat and often leads to loss of function and reduction of quality of life.
Patients with a painful neuroma present with spontaneous electric, shooting or burning pain, allodynia, hyperalgesia and cold intolerance.
The diagnosis is based on the medical history and physical examination, supplemented by Tinel's test and a diagnostic nerve blockade.
Lasting pain relief is possible by means of surgical neuroma treatment performed by a plastic surgeon.
Surgical treatment consists of repair or denervation of the nerve with relocation of the nerve stump in bone or muscle tissue or a vein.
Referral of neuroma patients without delay to a plastic surgeon or multidisciplinary consultation is important, because the symptoms become increasingly difficult to treat over time.
Conflict of interest: none declared. Financial support: none declared.