Multitraumapati√ęnten: de principes van 'damage control surgery'

Klinische les
P. Poortman, J.D. Meeuwis en L.P.H. Leenen

Multitrauma patients: the basics of damage control surgery.

- The principles of damage control surgery were applied in the cases of three severely injured multitrauma patients, men aged 47 and 33 years who had a motorcycle accident and a 66-year-old man who had a car crash. Victims of major trauma suffer from a worsening physiologic derangement manifested by the triad of acidosis, hypothermia and coagulopathy. This often leads to a vicious cycle that heralds imminent death or organ failure. Damage control surgery involves three distinct stages. The first consists of rapid temporary measures to control bleeding and contamination, followed by rapid closure of the abdomen. The second involves aggressive correction of the lethal triad in the intensive care unit. The third is the planned reoperation for the definitive repair of the injuries. As shown in these three patients, the appropriate use of this strategy can lead to a decrease in the morbidity and mortality in complex trauma patients.