How can life-threatening external blood loss be stopped? Treatment options in the prehospital phase
3,500 people die of injuries in the Netherlands every year; 40% of the deaths are attributable to bleeding.
Treatment of patients with life-threatening blood loss is part of the trauma care continuum: all the way from incident to hospital treatment.
This article presents an overview of all treatment options for stopping life-threatening external blood loss, divided in medical assistance phases. It also makes a distinction between different types of care providers, based on the presence or absence of their medical skills.
Conflict of interest and financial support: ICMJE forms provided by the authors are available online along with the full text of this article.