- In the Netherlands, approximately 200 to 300 patients are diagnosed with imported malaria every year.
- The symptoms of malaria are non-specific.
- The current gold standard for malaria diagnostics is to conduct a thick and thin blood smear. New diagnostic techniques are increasingly applied.
- At present, the treatment of uncomplicated malaria consists of an artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT). An alternative treatment for malaria caused by P. vivax,P. knowlesi,P. ovale and P. malariae in the Netherlands is chloroquine.
- Severe malaria is treated with artesunate intravenously, followed by a full three-day course of oral ACT.
- Uncomplicated malaria during pregnancy is treated with an ACT (e.g. artemether-lumefantrine) and severe malaria with artesunate intravenously, the latter followed by a full three-day course of oral ACT.
- There is currently no malaria vaccine available for travellers.
Conflict of interest and financial support: none declared.