Burn-out bij Nederlandse geneeskundestudenten

Prevalentie en oorzaken
Onderzoek
29-04-2015
Maartje Conijn, Henri J.M.V. Boersma en Willem van Rhenen

Burnout in Dutch medical students: prevalence and causes

Objective

To investigate the prevalence and causes of burnout in Dutch medical students.

Design

Questionnaire survey.

Method

All 14,570 student members of the KNMG (Royal Dutch Medical Association) were invited to fill in a digital survey. Burnout was determined with the Utrecht Burnout Scale (UBOS). Triggering and protective factors for burnout were also investigated .

Results

2,739 medical students (18.8%) completed the survey and 14.5 per cent of all respondents met the burnout criteria. 17.8 per cent of the hospital interns who responded and 11.6 per cent of the preclinical students who responded met these criteria. Work-home interference and high levels of emotional pressure had the strongest link to burn-out, while a sufficient amount of support from family, friends and peers reduced the risk of burnout in both undergraduates and hospital interns.

Conclusion

Our exploratory research suggests that the prevalence of burnout is high, particularly among the hospital interns who responded. The most important contributory factors are high levels of emotional pressure and work-home interference. The low percentage of respondents makes it difficult to make any statement about the prevalence and causes of burnout among all Dutch medical students.

Conflict of interest and financial support: none declared.